(c. 100 C.E.)
   The sage Kapila is the legendary founder of SAMKHYA tradition, and thus a key figure in the history of yoga. He is said to have passed on his knowledge to Asuri, who in turn passed it on to Panchashikha. According to the oldest commen-tary on the samkhya karika, a later text, Kapila was a “wise ascetic, . . . born of heaven, . . . and innately endowed with the four fundamental dis-positions of virtue, knowledge, renunciation, and supernatural power.”
   The story is told that Kapila, out of pity for suf-fering humanity, selected a BRAHMIN householder, Asuri, as an appropriate person to whom to reveal the knowledge of Samkhya. Kapila approached him as he was performing sacrifices (as he had been doing for thousands of years). Asuri would not listen. Only after being approached two more times did he relent and become Kapila’s student.
   Some sources say Kapila is the son of Svambhu-va’s daughter, MANU, and PRAJAPATI’S son, Kardama. Other sources say that he may be an incarnation of VISHNU who learned his wisdom directly from SHIVA; as such he would then be known as HIRANYA-GARBHA, or lord of the world. There are numerous references to Kapila in the epics and later texts, which give him various powers and statuses.
   Further reading: John Davies, Hindu Philosophy: An Exposition of the System of Kapila (New Delhi: Cosmo, 1981).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

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  • Kapilá — redirige aquí. Para otros usos, vea Kapilá (desambiguación). Maharshi Kapilá fue un sabio hindú al que la tradición considera el proponente original de la doctrina samkhya. Sin embargo no se conoce ningún texto original de él. Contenido 1 Dos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kapila — This article is about the Hindu sage Kapila. For other uses, see Kapila (disambiguation). Part of a series on Hindu philosophy …   Wikipedia

  • Kapila — /kah pi leuh/, n. fl. early 6th century B.C., Hindu philosopher: reputed founder of the Sankhya system of Hindu philosophy. * * * flourished 550 BC? Founder of the Samkhya school of Vedic philosophy in India. Legend says he was a descendant of… …   Universalium

  • Kapila — Maharishi Kapila est un sage védique considéré traditionnellement comme le fondateur du système philosophique Sāṃkhya, même si on n a aucun écrit de lui sur ce sujet. Il fut considéré par la suite par les Purāṇa comme la réincarnation, selon les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kapila — ( ¿550 BC?). Fundador de la escuela samkhya de filosofía védica en India. La leyenda dice que era descendiente de Manu, el primer ser humano, y nieto del dios creador, Brahma. También se pensaba que era una encarnación de Visnú. En las fuentes… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • KAPILA —    the founder of the Sankhya system of HINDU PHILOSOPHY (q.v. HINDUISM); was regarded as an incarnation of VISHNU (q.v.) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • kapilá — कपिल …   Indonesian dictionary

  • kāpila — कापिल …   Indonesian dictionary

  • Kapila — /kah pi leuh/, n. fl. early 6th century B.C., Hindu philosopher: reputed founder of the Sankhya system of Hindu philosophy …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kapila (disambiguation) — Kapila may refer to the following people: * Maharshi Kapila, a Vedic sage who lived at the latest around 500 BC * Mukesh Kapila, British civil servant and United Nations official * Kapila Vatsyayan (b. 1928), Indian arts scholar and Rajya Sabha M …   Wikipedia

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