The Pancharatra (pancha, five; ratra, nights) sect was one of the early traditions that developed into VAISHNAVISM, the worship of VISHNU. It probably dates to the last centuries before the Common Era. The name may derive from the SHATAPATHA BRAHMANA XIII.6, where the god Narayana, the primordial and all-encompassing divinity, per-forms a special “five nights” sacrifice in order to transcend and encompass all beings. In later Vaishnavism Narayana became the name of the highest divinity; he was said to transcend BRAHMA, SHIVA, and even VISHNU.
   In the Pancharatra system, creation emerges through vyuhas (arrangements) of the manifestations of the godhead. VASUDEVA, or KRISHNA, is the highest changeless god; Sankarshana is the Lord over all life; Pradyumna predominates over mind; and Aniruddha presides over ego. From Anirud-dha derives BRAHMA, who then creates the physical universe. From Vasudeva on down, each of the phases or forms of the godhead derives from the previous form. The doctrine in certain ways is reminiscent of the Christian trinity, whereby the one god takes on different aspects.
   The Pancharatra doctrines were elaborated in several important texts. The Bhaktisutras of Shandilya were central. The Pancharatra AGAMAS specified the temple cult, iconography, and ritual; they are no longer extant. Important extant Pan-charatra texts are the Sasvatasamhita Ahirbudh-nya Samhita and the Ishvara Samhita, which deal primarily with worship rituals.
   Vedic sacrificial worship, the earliest known phase of Hinduism, did not involve permanent structures (temples) or icons. Those features emerged only after a long process of development, and both the Shaivite and Vaishnavite traditions had to develop texts to explain and justify these innovations in Vedic terms. The Pancharatras were the primary agents that performed this task for Vaishnavism.
   Further reading: S. N. Dasgupta, A History of Indian Philosophy, vol. 3 (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1975); Sanjukta Gupta, trans., Laksmi Tantra: A Pancaratra Text. Orientalia Rheno-Trajectina, Vol. 15 (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1972); S. Rangachar, Philosophy of Pancaratras (Mandya: Sridevi Prakashana, 1991).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pañcharatra — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda En el marco de la literatura hindú, los Pañcharatra (literalmente, en sánscrito, ‘cinco noches’) son textos devocionales dedicados a diversos dioses. Según la doctrina vedanta, el Brahman hindú existe en varios… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pancharātra — is a Sanskrit drama written by Bhasa. The plot is based on the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ee also* Sanskrit literature * Sanskrit drama …   Wikipedia

  • Pañcaratra — Pāñcarātra are Vaishnavite devotional texts dedicated to a single deity Sriman Narayana who manifests in different forms. God exists in his absolute form (Para), his Vyuha froms, his Incarnations (as beings among mankind) and his existence in… …   Wikipedia

  • Hinduism — /hin dooh iz euhm/, n. the common religion of India, based upon the religion of the original Aryan settlers as expounded and evolved in the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, etc., having an extremely diversified character with many… …   Universalium

  • Akshardham (Delhi) — This article is about the Hindu cultural complex in Delhi. For other meanings, see Akshardham (disambiguation). Akshardham …   Wikipedia

  • Gopalá-tapani-upanishad — La Gopalá tapani upanishad es una de las más de 200 Upanishades, textos sagrados en la India, escritos entre el siglo VI a. C. y el siglo XX d. C.. gopālatāpanyupaniṣad, en el sistema AITS (alfabeto… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Balarama — This article is about the elder brother of the divine being Krishna. For other uses, see Balarama (disambiguation). Balarama Bala Rama Devanagari बलराम Affiliation Avatar of …   Wikipedia

  • Koodiyattam — or Kutiyattam (pronounced|kuːʈijaːʈːam) is a form of Sanskrit theatre traditionally performed in the state of Kerala, India. Performed in the Sanskrit language in Hindu temples, it is believed to be 2000 years old. It is officially recognised by… …   Wikipedia

  • Sanskrit drama — Drama as a distinct genre of Sanskrit literature emerges in the final centuries BC, although its exact origins remain unknown. Famous Sanskrit dramatists include Śhudraka, Bhasa, Asvaghosa and Kalidasa. Though numerous plays written by these… …   Wikipedia

  • Mani Madhava Chakyar — Māni Mādhava Chākyār Nātyāchārya Vidūshakaratnam Guru Māni Mādhava Chākyār The Doyen of Kutiyattam and Abhinaya Born Māni Mādhava Chākyār February 15, 1899(1899 02 15) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”