Radha is a popular female figure in Hindu mythol-ogy and literature. She is usually presented as the primary consort of KRISHNA; their passionate love has served as a spiritual model and inspiration in Indian culture.
   Radha appears in association with Krishna in textual fragments dated as early as the third cen-tury C.E., although she is not mentioned by name in the authoritative Vishnu Purana (c. fifth century C.E.) or in the equally important BHAGAVATA PURANA (10th century C.E.). By the 12th century, however, her role as Krishna’s consort was assured, as in the magnificent GITAGOVINDA of Jayadeva.
   The more Krishna became associated in the devotional literature with a divine “sweetness,” the more his sweet, poignant love of the cowherd woman Radha and her reciprocal love became the guide for devotees to the god everywhere in India. As the Gitagovinda describes Radha’s shifting moods of love, anticipation, pique, disappoint-ment, and eventual union, the writer evokes a passion that seems to extend to the elements of nature, the trees, the wind, and the Moon. Radha is love incarnate.
   Theologically, the Gitagovinda presents Radha as an energy, a SHAKTI (the Hladini Shakti), of Krishna himself. In the Bengali Vaishnavite tradi-tion, which eventually extended its influence to BRINDAVAN and beyond, one has the sense that Krishna too cannot exist without the love of his counterpart. The devotee becomes, in effect, essential to God. Sometimes the tradition goes so far as to say (in devotional hyperbole) that it is better to worship the devotee than God himself.
   Occasionally, in the Vaishnavite tradition, Radha is actually portrayed as Krishna’s wife and partner. This attempt to sanitize their relation-ship distorts it: the power of their attraction is theologically understood to reside in her unavail-ability: she is married to someone else. Krishna and Radha are eternal paramours and not spouses. It should not go unsaid that Radha is not just a cowherd woman, but the goddess herself. Some elements of the great GODDESS (Mahadevi) can be found in her literary image.
   Further reading: Edward C. Dimock, The Place of the Hidden Moon: Erotic Mysticism in the Vaisnava Sajiya Cult of Bengal (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1966); Lee Siegel, Sacred and Profane Dimensions of Love in the Indian Traditions as Exemplified in the Gitagovinda of Jayadeva (London: Oxford University Press, 1978); John Stratton Hawley, The Divine Consort: the Goddesses of India (Berkeley: Religious Studies Series and Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1982); Donna Marie Wulff, “Radha, Consort and Conqueror of Krishna,” in John Stratton Hawley and Donna Marie Wulff, eds., Devi: The Goddesses of India (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Radha — mit Krishna Radha (Sanskrit, f., राधा, Rādhā) ist in der hinduistischen Mythologie die ewige Gefährtin und Geliebte Krishnas. Radha war eine der Gopis (Kuhhirtinnen), die gemäß den Erzählungen in Vrindavan, dem Ort von Krishnas Kindheit, gelebt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Radha — et Krishna, dans une peinture de Raja Ravi Varma Radha (devanāgarī: राधा, Rādhā), également appelée Radhika, Radharani et Radhikarani est, dans le Bhagavata Purana, une des gopis, amie d’enfance et amante de Krishna[1]. Elle est presque toujours… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Radha — (ind. Myth.), eine der Schäferinnen; welche Krischna in seiner Jugend liebte; eine Verkörperung der Lakschimi …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Radha — Radha,   in der indischen Mythologie die Geliebte des Krishna. Radhas und Krishnas Trennung und Vereinigung wurden oft literarisch bearbeitet; von tiefem religiösen Symbolwert im Vishnuismus …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Radha — Radha, Radhika indischer Name, Bedeutung: Erfolg …   Deutsch namen

  • Radha — For Radha, the mother of Karna from Mahabharata, see: Radha (Mahabharata) Hdeity infobox| Caption = A Rajastani style painting of Radha Name = Radha Sanskrit Transliteration = Rādhā Devanagari = राधा Kannada = Pali Transliteration = Tamil script …   Wikipedia

  • Radha — Para Radha, la madre de Karna, consulte Radha (Majábharata). Radha, según una pintura al estilo mugal (1650); conservada en el Kupferstichkabinett, en Berlín; no es común ver un cuadro de Radha sola, sin Krishna: eso se considera un error… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Radha — /rah dah/, n. Hindu Legend. the milkmaid who became the consort of Krishna. * * * In Hindu mythology, mistress of the god Krishna when he lived among the cowherds of Vrndavana. Though Radha was the wife of another cowherd, she was the most… …   Universalium

  • Radha — En la mitología hindú, amante del dios Krishna cuando este vivía entre los pastores de Vrndavana. Aunque Radha era esposa de otro pastor, era la consorte más querida de Krishna y su fiel compañera. En el movimiento bhakti del visnuismo, Radha… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Radha Soami Satsang Beas — (RSSB) was founded by Baba Jaimal Singh Ji Maharaj in 1891 at a site on the East bank of the River Beas, in Beas, Punjab Northern India. Today this site is called Dera Baba Jaimal Singh.Sant Seth Shiv Dayal Singh, was the first leader of… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”