(also Agasti)
   Agastya was one of the Vedic RISHIs (inspired poets); his name is given as the author of several hymns in the first of the 10 chapters of the RIG VEDA. He is said to be the son of both MITRA and VARUNA, both of whose seed was emitted upon sight of the celestial APSARAS URVASHI. Agastya then was born in a water jar. (A similar story exists about the conception of DRONA in a bucket.)
   In the MAHABHARATA and later literature Agas-tya became an important rishi. In the Mahabharata itself there are a number of stories about him. One tale frequently mentioned in Indian litera-ture relates how Agastya helped the gods destroy demons who had hidden in the ocean by drink-ing up the entire ocean. In another tale Agastya restores the world to order: the VINDHYA mountain grew jealous of mount MERU, the central mountain of our universe around which the Sun and Moon always go, so he began to raise his head in order to block the path of the celestial orbs. Agastya, GURU of the Vindhya mountain, went to Vindhya and forced him to lower his head in obeisance, and to keep his head lowered while Agastya headed in the southern direction. Agastya, however, never returned.
   This notion of the Vindhya’s bowing to Agastya is associated with the migration of the ARYANS and particularly the BRAHMINS to South India. Agastya is venerated in the south of India, where he is said to have been the first to organize the Tamil grammar. Tolkappiyar, the author of the oldest known Tamil grammar, is considered one of Agastya’s 12 students. Agastya was also said to have been a member of the first two Tamil Sangams or literary academies, which were inundated by the sea. (The literature of the third and last Sangam is understood to be still extant, but, of course, the Sangams are not historically verifiable.)
   In Tamil Nadu Agastya is mythologically asso-ciated with SHIVA, who it is said to have sent Agastya to the south. In the tantric tradition of the SRI VIDYA, Agastya is said to be the husband of LOPAMUDRA, the female founder of one of the sri vidya lineages.
   In the Ramayana Agastya was visited at his ASHRAM by RAMA and became an adviser to him. In the end Agastya became a star—Canopus, which shines in the southern sky in India.
   Further reading: G. S. Ghurye, Indian Acculturation: Agastya and Skanda (Bombay: Popular Prakashan, 1977); E. Washburn Hopkins, Epic Mythology (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1986); K. N. Sivaraja Pillai, Agas-tya in the Tamil Land (New Delhi: Asian Educational Services, 1985).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Agastya — oder Agasti (Sanskrit: अगस्त्य Agastya m.; Tamil: Akattiyan) war ein vedischer mythischer Seher, der in Südindien als Kultheros verehrt wird. Ihm werden viele Wundertaten zugeschrieben und war ein Helfer der Götter und schlichtete auch den Streit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • AGASTYA — Sage légendaire indien, Agastya a joui d’une popularité qui fut grande surtout dans le Sud de l’Inde et qui s’est propagée jusque dans l’ancienne Java. Les récits sur son origine et ses exploits diffèrent selon les époques. Dans les textes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Agastya — fue un rishi (sabio), autor de varios himnos védicos. Se dice que era hijo de los dioses Mitra y Váruna con la apsara Urvashi. La estatua de la izquierda representa a Agastia como un sabio hindú barbudo y barrigón. Se encuentra en el museo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Agastya — est dans la mythologie indienne un grand sage. Il est également un personnage du Rāmāyana. Voir aussi Liste des déités du monde indien Portail du monde indien Catégories …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agastya — In Hinduism, Agastya (अगस्त्य in devanagari, pronounced /ə gəs tyə/) is a legendary Vedic sage or rishi. Agastya and his clan are also creditedWho|date=July 2007 to have authored many mantras of the Rig Veda, the earliest and most revered Hindu… …   Wikipedia

  • Agastya Malai — Der Agastya Malai Höhe 1.868 m …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agastya Mala — Infobox Mountain Name = Agastya Mala Photo = AgasthyarkoodamPeak.jpg Caption = A view of Agastya Mala from the base Elevation = convert|1868|m|ft|0 Location = Tirunelveli, India Range = Western Ghats Prominence = Coordinates =… …   Wikipedia

  • Agastya — /ah geuhs tyeuh/, n. the legendary Aryan sage who introduced the Vedas to southern India. * * * …   Universalium

  • agástya — अगस्त्य …   Indonesian dictionary

  • āgastya — आगस्त्य …   Indonesian dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”