The Tevaram is the collected hymns of the three most prominent NAYANMARS or Tamil SHAIVITE saints, APPAR, Jnanasambanthar (also known as SAMBANTHAR or Tirujnanasambanthar), and SUN-DARAR (Suntharamurtti), whose lives spanned the sixth through eighth centuries C.E. These hymns, in the Tamil language, are considered by Tamil Shaivites to be equal in sanctity to the SANSKRIT VEDAS as scripture and MANTRA; in a sense, the Tevaram is a Veda. The text is memorized and sung by a hereditary community called Otuvars during daily temple rituals and ceremonials.
   The hymns of the Tevaram celebrate SHIVA with passionate devotion, dwelling on the many tales of Shiva; his wives, SAT I and PARVATI; and his two sons, GANESHA and KARTTIKEYA. They lovingly describe the deity’s physical attributes and recount his visitations to famous devotees at the sites of many important Shaivite shrines in Tamil Nadu.
   Further reading: Indira Viswanathan Peterson, Poems to Siva: The Hymns of the Tamil Saints (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1989); R. Vijayalakshmy, An Introduction to Religion and Philosophy—Tevaram and Tivviyappirapantam (Chennai: International Institute of Tamil Studies, 2001); Kamil V. Zvelebil, Tamil Literature (Leiden: Brill, 1975).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tevaram — The Tevaram (Tamil: தேவாரம் Teva means God , aram means garland [cite web url= title=Classical Notes: Musical people publisher=The Hindu accessdate=2007 01 10] ) denotes the first seven… …   Wikipedia

  • Tevaram — Se llama Tevaram a los siete primeros volúmenes del Tirumurai, colección de doce volúmenes de poesía devocional shivaísta. தேவாரம் en tamil Teva o theva (palabra tamil relacionada con el sánscrito devá) significa ‘dios’, y aram, ‘guirnalda’[1]… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ancient Tamil music — The ancient Tamil music was the music of the ancient Tamil people, who resided in the lands of the ancient Tamil country. Many poems of the Sangam literature, the classical Tamil literature of the early common era, were set to music. There are… …   Wikipedia

  • Thillai Nataraja Temple, Chidambaram — Chidambaram Temple …   Wikipedia

  • Music of Tamilakam — Part of a series on History of Tamil Nadu Chronology of Tamil history Sangam period …   Wikipedia

  • Tirunavukkarasar — Thirunavukkarasar (Tamil:திருநாவுக்கரசர), (meaning King of the Tongue or Lord of Language), also known as Appar ( Father ), birth name Marulnikkiyar, was a seventh CCE Saivite poet saint of Tamil Nadu, one of the most prominent of the sixty three …   Wikipedia

  • Теварам — Статья по тематике Литература индуизма Веды Риг · Яджур …   Википедия

  • Nayanmar — Statuen der drei wichtigsten Nayanmar, Sambandar, Appar und Sundarar, mit Manikkavasagar in einem Hindu Tempel in Tamil Nadu Nayanmar (Tamil: நாயன்மார் Nāyaṉmār [ˈnɑːjənmɑːr], wörtl. „Gebieter“) bezeichnet die dreiundsechzig Heiligen des tamilis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Appar — (Tirunavakkarasu) (c. 570–670 C.E.)    Tamil Shaivite poet and saint    APPAR was one of the three most prominent Tamil Shaivite saints (see SHAIVISM, NAYANARS), whose hymns appear in the central liturgical and literary text of the the Tamil… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Sundarar — (c. end of seventh and beginning of eighth centuries C.E.)    Tamil Shaivite poet saint    Sundarar (also known as Nambi Arur and Sun tharamurtti) is among the trio of the most prom inent Tamil Shaivite saints (NAYANMARS) whose hymns appear in… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”